Sunday, October 2

The Rules of Readings

I have never done a reading, but I know I'm going to want to re-read these rules before I do!
1. Choose the right passage. For any audience, it’s best to choose an excerpt that’s heavy on action and dialogue, or emotional weight, and light on description and backstory. Be careful not to choose something that gives away spoilers.
You’re also looking for something that will run a total of two to four minutes. That may not sound like a lot of time, but you’re going to put a lot of energy into it, so that’s plenty.

Finally, from beginning to end, it should be a complete scene, including conflict, rising action, and a great climax (Hint: Some authors end the reading right at the climax and tell people to read the book to find out what happens).

2. Treat the manuscript like a monologue. For your audience, listening to you is much like listening to a movie that’s on in the other room. They can hear the dialogue and the action. But they can’t see the scenery or follow the movement of the characters. All of that is meaningless to them.

So prepare for some surgery on the excerpt. Eliminate anything that doesn’t add to your reading, even if it’s an important thread to the overall plot. This includes long descriptions (of anything), and backstory references irrelevant to this excerpt. They’d feel like moving through mud while you’re reading. It also will include dialogue that may make sense within the total context of the story, but that is extraneous within the small passage you’ll be reading.

3. Narrow your characters. Remember that the excerpt should be a complete scene in itself. Very often the chosen passage has a line or two of dialogue that is vital to the scene, but that is spoken by a character who doesn’t matter in your excerpt. Unless the audience is already familiar with all of your characters, if you can attribute that dialogue to another character just during the reading, it will be less confusing to the audience. Sometimes to accomplish this, you may need to make a slight adjustment to the plot. Go ahead. Unless you’re JK Rowling and the world is paying attention to every syllable you utter, it won’t matter.

4. Practice aloud. Forget about “reading” and focus on the emotional center of the story. Your reading should capture the emotion, not the plot. Each word can be a tool that reaches inside the audience and holds them captive. To do this, say the words as what they are. “Cold” should be spoken as if your breath was made of ice, and “warm” would be the opposite. If your character is hurrying, read it faster. If your character is hiding, your voice may become softer.

This is a technique known as “coloring words,” and it is the biggest difference between an ordinary reading and an unforgettable one.

Feel free to mark up your excerpt as you practice. I underline words I want to emphasize, put slash marks between places I want to pause, and draw arrows to show where I want to go faster. They work like stage directions for me as I’m reading.

5. Prep your audience. Part of every reading is first orienting the audience to the scene. The setup should be brief and clear. The audience needs to have a basic idea of who the protagonist is, a general idea of the book’s plot, the more specific circumstances of the scene, and finally, a brief introduction to the other characters they’ll meet. Rehearse this orientation so that it’s just as fluid as your reading.

6. Read with your whole heart. A good reading is a little bit of theater. Dive into it, holding back nothing. It’s the people who keep one foot in the safe zone who end up looking ridiculous. Don’t worry about overplaying it. You don’t have the benefit of costumes, scenery, or fellow actors, so all you have is how you read. Pour everything you have into it, bringing the scene alive.
And have fun. Because even if your reading isn’t perfect, if you’re having fun, then the audience will too.
To read the rest of the article, click here: Guest Blogger Jennifer Nielsen: The Rules of Readings


  1. I'll have to remember these when I do my first reading. When will that be? Let me toss the runes...Well, since I can't read runes. Someday soon, I hope.

    Actually, I did a reading of sorts in high school. It was my Senior Project in Advanced Drama. We each had to do a monologue. I loved Shakespeare at the time, so I did Hamlet's "To Be, or Not To Be" soliloquy. Crazy, but I still remember it 30 years later. I sometimes recite it at work and freak-out some of my coworkers. But I digress...

    I've seen readings on cable, on CSPAN I think? Some were dry and some were good. I seems to be up to the writer to make it interesting, not just the work. One of my favorite readings that I watched was Stephen King a couple of years back. I think it was on PBS. He is very animated!

  2. Thanks for the tip, I should watch CSPAN, it would be interesting to see a few readings. Although, I wonder if writers will be doing fewer readers because of all the bookstores that are closing.

    Thanks for the comment! :)

  3. I actually never thought about that! That IS really scary. Well, if one were to publicize their novel and there wasn't a bookstore available for a reading...well, would YouTube be a viable alternative?

  4. Ah! Yes, that's a fantastic idea. Authors could record short readings and upload them to YouTube. Wow, I'm going to have to write your idea down.

    Now that you've mentioned it, it seems obvious, but I doubt I would have thought of it. Thanks!


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