If you're anything like me, you've had the experience of trying to find another way of writing "she smiled" or "he frowned". It can be maddening!
Which is why I was thrilled to discover Janice Hardy wrote a blog post about alternate ways of describing character reactions/emotions. (By the way, if you haven't read Janice's blog, The Other Side Of The Story, I highly recommend it.)
Janice Hardy's article is well worth the read, but here are a few of her tips:
Other Ways Of Expressing A Character's Emotions/Reactions
1. If this is a first draft just write "She smiled"
If you're writing a first draft just write "she smiled" or "he frowned" and move on. You can tidy things up on the second draft. Chances are, a lot is going to change from the first to the second draft, just concentrate on laying the foundation of your story.
2. Express the reaction through synonyms
For instance, instead of writing "She smiled" you could write "She grinned" or "She beamed" or "She laughed". All of those communicate pleasure/happiness.
3. Express the reaction through internalization
Ask yourself: Why is the character smiling? If she realizes a cute guy likes her you might do something like: Sue tried to look at Rob without being obvious. He is kind of cute, she thought.
4. Express the reaction through dialogue
Mary nudged Sue, "Hey! I think the cute guy in the corner was staring at you."
5. Express the reaction through movement
Janice Hardy suggests, "Her lip twitched," or "her eyes sparkled," rather than "she smiled".
8. Express the emotion through subtext
Here is an example from The Italian Job. John is on the phone with his daughter.
John: I'm sending you something.
Stella: Does it smell nice?
John: No. But it's sparkly.
Stella: Does it come with a receipt?
In other words: Is it stolen?
Janice Hardy has a lot more to say on this topic, and you can read it here: Alternative Ways to Describe Character Reactions
Useful Links: How To Write Emotion
I like to do background reading when I write a blog post and, today, I came upon a few articles I didn't use but they're great so I want to share them with you.
How To Describe Emotions - Gives great pointers.
Emotion Thesaurus: Relief - 15 ways to express relief.
List of Human Emotions - What the title says!
"She smiled," is a tricky one. Characters smile a lot so this phrase is easy to overuse. What alternatives have you come up with?
Other articles you might like:- Tags, Traits And Tells (Podcast)
- Good Writing: Using The Senses
Photo credit: "The Hidden Beauty!" by VinothChandar under Creative Commons Attribution 2.0.